Do you know that your skin reflects your overall health? Your skin, being the largest organ of your body, serves as your first line of defence against a myriad of physical, chemical and any other biological hazards that may profoundly affect its appearance, condition and texture. Hence, taking care of your skin becomes an imperative routine. But before you splurge too much on skin creams, lotions and any other cosmetic products, it might be fair to learn basic facts about your skin that every other woman should know. Read on to learn 10 of the most interesting facts about the largest organ of your body.
1. Your skin’s physical appearance and texture reflects your overall health.
A little change in your skin may signal an alteration in your health as a whole. Some skin and hair changes may provide warning signs about health problems. For instance, a yellowish and dusky skin, palms and soles may be due to a case of hypothyroidism and darkened neck area may suggest diabetes. On the other hand, bad diet, dehydration and other hormonal problems may manifest on the skin in the form of dry patches, redness and acne spots.
2. Your skin is your body’s first line of defence against foreign bacteria.
In a simple analogy, your skin is like a thick coat protecting you from extreme weather temperatures. It is your own armor of protection against harmful environmental factors like UV radiation and bacteria. Aside from that, it regulates your body temperature and acts as a barrier to lock in moisture and nutrients.
3. We all have the same type of pigment in the skin responsible for color.
No matter how dark or pale a person is, truth is, everybody has the same skin pigment that is responsible for the skin’s color. This skin pigment is called melanin. The variation in skin tones between people of different races or people between the same races lies in how much melanin is distributed within the skin. The denser the production of the melanin means the darker the skin will be. Pale complexions have fewer melanin and they are more sparsely distributed within the skin, making it to appear lighter. Good news is the denser and closer the melanin within the skin are, the more protection is afforded from all types of skin cancer.
4. As you age, your skin sheds cells slowly than normal.
Do you know that your skin sheds around 30,000-40,000 skin cells every minute? Every now and then your skin produces new skin cells, which eventually move to the surface and shed off. This is the reason why children have such naturally rosy and vibrant glow because their skin cells regenerate more often. As you age, this sloughing off process is slower than normal, attracting more dead skin cells to stay on the surface, which results in dull, dehydrated and pigmented look.
5. Your skin only absorbs 60% of any product applied topically.
If you are musing on deeply-penetrating age-defying skin care products, you are likely going to end up draining your pockets over expensive, superfluously advertised cosmetics. Experts say that your skin only absorbs 60% of skin care products applied topically. To ensure as much absorption as possible, make sure that you massage any product in your skin properly.
6. The oiliness in your skin dictates what type of hair grows in that area.
The whole sebaceous (oil) gland and the hair follicles act as one unit. Oil glands grow within the hair follicle and provide hair lubrication. The larger the oil glands are, the thinner the hair in the skin because more oils are being produced. If oil glands are smaller, less oil is produced, which results in thicker and coarser hair.
7. Your skin varies in sensitivity and thickness depending on its location.
Depending on its anatomic location, your skin varies in thickness and sensitivity. For instance, skin is thickest on the palms and soles while the thinnest skin is found on your eyelids and in the post-auricular region. The skin on your lips is found to be 200 times more sensitive than your fingertips, making it the most sensitive part of your body. Female skin is also characteristically thinner than male skin in all anatomic locations. As you age, your skin tends to atrophy primarily due to dermal change and loss of skin elasticity.
8. Goose bumps make your skin warmer.
Either stimulated by fear or extreme cold, goose bumps are normal involuntary reflexes of the body. It occurs when tiny muscles in your hair contracts and pull the hair upwards, causing muscle tension that creates heat to keep you warm.
9. The worst damage to your skin is brought by unprotected sun exposure.
While sunlight exposure is vital for the skin to stimulate synthesis of Vitamin D, unprotected sun exposure brings the worst damage to your delicate skin. UV exposure slowly destroys the integrity of the skin, causing damage in the form of sunburn, wrinkles, hyperpigmentation, dryness and even skin cancers. Hence, it is important to protect your skin with SPF lotions and wear hats or umbrellas under extremely hot weather temperatures.
10. Your skin needs intensive moisture to keep it healthy and glowing.
In order to keep your skin looking great, it needs to be pampered with intensive moisture to keep it adequately hydrated. The more hydrated your skin is, the more it will be protected from unsightly wrinkles and sags. Adequate hydration provides optimal protection to your skin by locking in moisture to keep it tight and firm and protect it from skin dryness.
Keep in mind that your skin is your best protective armour against a myriad of environmental and biological hazards. Understanding the basic facts about how your skin works and what it does to protect your body is vital so you will be able to plan your skincare routines to be able to pamper your skin right.
Dr. Anthony Kane is experienced cosmetologist from Australia. He is a casual contributor to www.MitchAndMiaCosmetics.com.au blog, where he gives advice to people how to stay healthy and fit. In his free time he enjoys paragliding and spending his time with beloved wife and two kids.